The projects developed and managed by the Pôle Coopération are part of several European cooperation programs covering the Mediterranean region. Based on these tools in order to reinforce the implementation of public policies in relation to local and regional authorities, the AVITEM team has developed expertise and expertise in the assembly of European dossiers in the following programs :
The Interreg programs are financed under the EU regional policy, also known as Cohesion Policy, as it aims to erase disparities between European regions. Through cross-border, transnational or interregional co-operation between European regions and cities, joint actions and exchanges of ideas are initiated in order to promote economic, social and sustainable development throughout Europe.
Interreg Europe aims to strengthen territorial cohesion in Europe by reducing the economic and social disparities between European regions. This policy encourages actions to make the European territory more innovative, more sustainable and more inclusive: it is the Europe 2020 strategy.
The INTERREG Europe program aims to support the learning process of public actors to improve the performance of regional development policies and programs. It enables public actors across Europe to exchange good practices and ideas on how to conduct public policies and thus find more effective solutions for their citizens.
The INTERREG Europe 2014-2020 program focuses on the following priorities:
Axis 1: Strengthening research, technological development and innovation
Axis 2: Strengthening the competitiveness of SMEs
Axis 3: Support the transition to a low-carbon economy in all sectors
Axis 4: Protect the environment and promote the rational use of resources
Axis 5: Technical assistance
The INTERREG Europe program has an overall budget of € 426 million, of which € 359 million is for ERDF funds.
The eligible area of INTERREG Europe's interregional cooperation program comprises the 28 Member States of the European Union, including the island and outermost regions, as well as Norway and Switzerland.
The overall objective of the Interreg Med program is to promote sustainable growth in the Mediterranean basin by promoting innovative practices and concepts, reasonable use of resources, and promoting social integration through territorialized and Integrated. With a budget of € 265 million for the period 2014-2020, the Interreg Med program supports cooperation between various actors from 13 Mediterranean countries on the following principles: thematic focus, results-based approach, transnationality, Territorial coherence, sustainability, transferability and capitalization.
The program priorities for the Mediterranean regions are to promote innovation capacities for smart and sustainable growth, promote low-carbon strategies and energy efficiency, protect and promote natural and cultural resources and strengthen Mediterranean governance.
IEV CT Med
The ENV program is the European Neighborhood Instrument. It provides the framework and funds for relations between the European Union and its partner countries.
According to the Treaty on European Union, the objective of this partnership is "to establish an area of prosperity and good neighborliness, based on the values of the Union and characterized by close and peaceful relations based on cooperation ". Cross-border cooperation also helps to support sustainable development along the external borders of the Union. In the Mediterranean, for example, Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine or even Tunisia.
The IEV CT Med program for the period 2014-2020 was adopted by the European Commission on 17 December 2015. Following the previous ENPI CT Med program, this new program is structured in two main objectives, which are divided into 4 thematic objectives and 11 Priorities.
The thematic objectives, which aim to meet the major challenges of the Mediterranean basin, are:
The development of business and SMEs in order to contribute to job creation and the fight against unemployment by supporting new enterprises and enhancing value chains and Euro-Mediterranean clusters and by diversifying certain Sectors such as tourism;
Support for education, research, technological development and innovation, in order to promote the competitiveness and productivity of the Mediterranean economies;
The promotion of social inclusion and the fight against poverty, notably through NEETS support (neither student, employee nor trainee), as well as to social and solidarity economy actors;
Environmental protection, climate change adaptation and mitigation, promotion of efficient resource management (water, waste, energy) and the protection of fragile areas such as coastal areas .
More than 209 million euros have been allocated by the European Union to the Mediterranean Sea Basin IEV CT Program for the period 2014-2020.
Marittimo is a European program of territorial cooperation between France and Italy, which aims to achieve the objectives of the EU 2020 Strategy in the north-central Mediterranean by promoting smart, sustainable and inclusive growth.
The regions concerned for the period 2014-2020 are Tuscany, Sardinia and Liguria for Italy, and the French side, Corsica and Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (departments of Var and Alpes-Maritimes).
Marittimo defines, for a period of 6 years, the orientations and objectives of cross-border cooperation between partner regions in the following areas:
Innovation and competitiveness of enterprises;
Valorisation of natural and cultural resources, on the Mediterranean, South and European scale.
It also aims to ensure territorial cohesion and to promote employment and sustainable development.
To achieve these objectives, four priority axes were identified:
Promoting the competitiveness of companies in cross-border priority sectors, such as boating and shipbuilding, innovative and sustainable tourism, "blue" and "green" biotechnologies, "blue" and "green" renewable energies;
Protection and enhancement of natural and cultural resources and risk management (hydrological, coastal erosion or fires), and in particular the risks caused by human activities in ports and threatening the marine environment;
Improving the connection of territories (by increasing transport supply and developing multi-modality) and the sustainability of port activities (contributing to the reduction of noise pollution and carbon emissions);
Increasing employment opportunities, sustainable and quality, and integration through economic activity, by strengthening the cross-border labor market through the support of individual enterprises, micro and social enterprises in the priority sectors linked to growth Blue "and" green ".
This Community intervention program is financed by the European Regional Development Fund ERDF, under the objective of 'European territorial cooperation' in Italy and maritime France. For the programming period 2014-2020, it has a budget of nearly 200 million euros. In the previous programming phase (2007-2013), 87 projects had been funded under this scheme.
Horizon 2020 is the European framework program for research and innovation.
It finances projects resolutely interdisciplinary around 3 priorities:
Promote basic research and open up new avenues for future and emerging technologies by supporting collaborative, interdisciplinary and innovative research;
To provide Europe with world-class research infrastructures accessible to all researchers in Europe and elsewhere;
Support the mobility of European researchers from third countries to and from Europe.
Innovation is more sustained, public-private partnerships are privileged in TI, nanotechnologies, biotechnologies, etc. ;
Support for innovative M & E and access to risk financing ...
The societal challenges
The aim is to foster interdisciplinary projects to meet the major challenges facing Europe (no health, sustainable agriculture, climate, transport, clean energy, etc.), which no single Member State can claim to stand alone.
Launched in 2014, it succeeds the 7th Framework Program for Research and Technological Development (P.C.R.D.T).
For the period 2014-2020, Horizon 2020 will be endowed with 79 billion euros, which will support the work of scientists and industrialists of the European Union.